Let’s say the north is Europe and the signings are the compass. Well, Valencia once again marks the north. The work of the past market is already bearing fruit. A priori one has the feeling that the path to sporting success has been found again. Success won’t get you there, but it will keep you from falling down a slope. This summer Valencia have done everything well not to go out of the way. The ability of the sports department in the signings was the key to laying the foundation for the team. For this reason and because the economic crisis left little room to improve the workforce. With this in mind, the club has drawn up a timetable in which the most important thing was “consensus”.
This was the only way Valencia could prepare a project that would bring the club back to its place, or at least in that direction. As a result of this joint task with Bordalás, the comers are already delivering results. Alderete is undisputed for defense, while Foulquier or Hugo Duro contributed from minute 1. Bordalás has found solutions to the lack of pieces like Guillamóns in ‘6’ or the goal of recapturing the best maxi.
Although the top version of the summer’s big investment is still expected: Marcos André. When more tools were required for Bordalás, it wasn’t to signbut because the team has enough wicker to make this leap in quality this year. Bordalás showed in the first few days that this group has great potential. Now comes the tricky part: getting through the difficulties that arise during the year and dispelling doubts after four days without a win. In any case, Valencia sees its north on the horizon again thanks to the coaching unionThe season is looking good and as Bordalás says this is a long distance race that will be more bearable with good signings.
Will Mount Teide be the next volcano to erupt?
While the Cumbre Vieja volcano continues to erupt and no one dares predict when it will end, many eyes are already turning to another volcanic cone, the According to experts, it is still “alive” and can wake up from its slumber at any timealthough there is currently no indication that this will happen any time soon. The most famous of all Spanish volcanoes, Teide is also one of the most potentially destructive due to its properties.
In fact, scientists have a list of To closely observe volcanoes in Europe (actually they are observed): Vesuvius and Campi Flegrei (Italy), Santorini (Greece) and Teide (Spain).
It must be taken into account that the island of Tenerife was created and grown precisely because of the successive volcanic eruptions it has suffered over the centuries. Teide is one of the island’s volcanoes, but not the only one. It is a polygenic volcano, that is, it has several eruptions and in each of them it has grown.
Volcanologists consider the Teide to be a potentially dangerous volcano. It is not known when, but it will break out at some point. And it it can happen in two ways, by violent and explosive processes (the typical image of lava jumping through the air at great heights) or exuberantly, with lava emission but without an explosive character. The latter happened in 1909 with the Chinyero volcano, which is located next to the Teide.
The experts agree: what the next eruption will look like, whether exuberant or explosive, and where exactly it will take place cannot be foreseen, but it is certain that there will be one.
From the eruptions that Tenerife has suffered throughout history the most violent, causing deaths, was the triple eruption of Fasnia, Arafo and Siete Fuentes between December 1704 and January 1705.
Janire Prudencio, an expert in volcanic seismology at the University of Granada, said recently: “It must also be taken into account that an eruption of Mount Teide or one of the volcanoes in Tenerife would cause a very complicated situation. First, because the island is much more populated than it was in 1909 [cuando la erupción del Chinyero] and second, because our technological and infrastructural vulnerabilities are much higher, as we discovered in April 2010 when the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull erupted.
This eruption, considered small because of its size, caused severe disruption to air traffic for many days and made it necessary to shut down air traffic control in most of northern Europe. It is a warning of what can happen in an eruption much closer to the European continent such as that of Mount Teide.
“Many possibilities of eruption”
For its part, the Asociación Volcanes de Canarias, made up of professionals and amateurs in this field on the islands, states that “geological history shows that this stratovolcano offers many eruptive opportunities,” it says on its website.
This entity indicates that “Tenerife’s volcanic system includes not only the Teide-Pico Viejo, but also the entire volcanic structure that emerges from the sea floor. Be really objective all areas of the island are likely to experience a volcanic eruption, although there are some areas that are more likely. Experts believe that in addition to the center of the island, the mountain ridges (volcanic alignments) of Tenerife have the best conditions to see an eruption.
the National Geographic InstituteHe states that “from a study of its long eruptive history it can be inferred that [la erupción] it can have any explosive value depending on the type of magmas involved (basaltic, phonolithic or a mixture of these), whereby the basalts are always the least explosive and the most likely to occur.
The director of the Volcanic Institute of the Canary Islands (Involcan), Nemesio Pérez, recalls that there have been light explosive eruptions in this area, which would be most likely in the future, but that more explosive episodes have also been interspersed.
In this context, he points out that “the repetition of explosive eruptions in Tenerife could be on the order of several thousand years, while the repetition of those with a low explosion index would be about decades or a few hundred years.”
How is the Teide observed? As shown in the case of Cumbre Vieja on La Palma, an effective monitoring device continuously monitors the activity of the volcano thanks to an extensive network of sensors distributed all over the island of Tenerife and the most minimal seismic, geochemical, geological variation and other features.
These sensors make it possible to detect soil deformations from as little as one millimeter. All this system therefore makes it possible to anticipate the possible occurrence of an eruption with a certain margin and to plan the eventual evacuation of the part of the island affected by this volcanic event.
The body responsible for volcano monitoring in Spain is the National Geographic Institute (IGN), which is obliged to monitor the volcanic system and inform the authorities of any changes that occur.
Documented historical eruptions of the Teide:
– Outbreak of Crab Mouth (1492): This eruption was seen by Christopher Columbus during his journey through the south of Tenerife on his way to the discovery of America.
-Eruptions of the years 1704-1705: It happened through three emission sources: Siete Fuentes, Fasnia volcano and Valle mountain or Arenas volcano.
-Eruption of Trevejos or Garachico (1706): It happened on May 5, 1706, about 8 kilometers south of the town of Garachico.
– Outbreak of Chahorra (1798): The eruption occurred in Pico Viejo on June 9, 1798 and ended on September 8 of the same year.
– Outbreak of Chinyero (1909): It started on November 18, 1909 and lasted 10 days.
You might be interested in: Teneguía, 1971: The last major volcanic eruption in Spain
Teide monitoring website: https://www.volcanesdecanarias.com/control-teide/
Internet on the Teide: https://www.volcanesdecanarias.org/tenerife/
Lazio suspends a Spanish eagle trainer for his fascist gestures
Lazio, Italian Serie A (First Division) clubs, reported on Wednesday that it is the Coach of the eagle symbolizing the team, the Spanish Juan Bernabé, and didn’t rule out a future release after the man was seen on stage some gestures Fascists celebrate a triumph in the Olympic Stadium.
“After learning of the existence of a video in which Juan Bernabé (which belongs to a company outside of Lazio) making gestures that offend the club, the fans and the values we are inspired by, action has been taken against the company to immediately identify the person and the possible dissolution of the current contracts suspend, ”said Lazio in a statement.
The Roman Club stressed that he had sent a letter to the workers “in the past few weeks” that they work with the institution so that “their conduct respects the principles by which it has always been inspired” and that “special attention is paid to the absolute prohibition of discriminatory attitudes”.
Lazios move came after a video was published on the Internet in which Bernabé with the Olympic eagle on one arm approaches an Olympic stand and exchanges a fascist greeting with the fans.
In addition, Lazio fans greeted him with chants in favor of the dictator Benito Mussolini.
It is not the first time that cases of fascist chants and gestures have been recorded with the Lazio fans. Four years ago, some ultras from the capital club at the south end of the Olympic Stadium left some stickers with a photo montage of Anne Frank wearing the Roma shirt, whose aim was to insult her rivals.
They alluded to the young Jewish woman who remained hidden with her family in a house in Amsterdam between June 1942 and August 1944 until she was denounced and transferred to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where she died of typhus at the beginning of the year 1945, and which is known worldwide through the newspaper he wrote.
If in this case the fans were responsible for this gesture, this time a club member is also involved in a case of fascist behavior.
Glasgow Summit challenges: more carbon savings and more financial aid
The Glasgow Climate Summit or COP26, takes place in this British city from October 31st to November 12th. The aim is to monitor the agreements passed in Paris in 2015 and to take the necessary measures to ensure that the temperature limits agreed this year are not exceeded. There will be three priorities for the Glasgow Summit: possible new cuts in greenhouse gas emissions, more resources to implement these measures, especially in poor countries, and greater cooperation between countries to meet climate targets.
The British Ambassador to Spain, Hugh Elliot, has indicated that the negotiating axes at the next Climate Change Summit (COP26) in Glasgow, UK will be: Adaptation, Mitigation, Financing and International Cooperation.
Elliot met with Spanish journalists on Tuesday at a hybrid meeting at the embassy in Madrid to discuss the Glasgow Summit, a meeting that Prime Minister Boris Johnson said the British government wants to make “open and inclusive”.
“We are in very intense but very interesting weeks,” said the diplomat, who recalled that the organization of a summit in times of the pandemic was “an extraordinary logistical work” that will have “a very good turnout”. estimated “at 25,000 participants”. ».
Guarantee the maximum temperature of 1.5 ° C
Regarding emissions reduction, Elliot emphasized that the goal is to “Keep alive the limit of 1.5 degrees of thermal rise for 2100”«As recommended by the scientists in the Paris Agreement.
He is also optimistic, as more than 70 countries have submitted national goals (Nationally Defined Contributions, NDC) in recent years. “More ambitious” in terms of reducing emissions by 2030, and this includes all G7 countries that are geared towards climate neutrality by 2050.
Those advances have made it possible to reduce the pre-Paris Accord thermal surge estimates by one degree – from 4 to 3 – said Elliot, who nonetheless recalled that emissions and consumption of oil and coal rose again after the pandemic are. with the second largest increase in CO2 emissions in history.
He therefore assured that without the necessary investments in clean energy “we will see volatile energy markets” and stressed that in the report of the 70 countries that submitted their reduction targets, 75% have committed themselves to neutrality. Nevertheless, By 2030, emissions are expected to increase by 16% “if we need a 40% reduction”.
“We are seeing progress, but we still have a long way to go and what we need is equal commitment from all countries, especially the G20, which are responsible for 80% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.”
In addition to national commitments, concrete measures to protect forests, the end of coal-fired power generation, more electric cars and a reduction in methane emissions are required, according to the diplomat.
And although there is “a lot of skepticism as to whether it is possible to act so quickly, one has to go from words to actions”.
He referred to a report released last week by the International Energy Agency (IEA) that found that average temperature would reach 2.1 degrees above pre-industrial levels by 2100, even if all targets were met.
On the subject of adaptation, Elliot alluded to the effects of meteorological phenomena that “we already see as a result of climate change, such as record temperatures, brutal fires and floods, so we support strategies for adapting to the destructive effects of climate”. Change.”
Increase the financial fund
He also stated that in Glasgow the petition was for increased donations from industrialized countries for climate adaptation projects in the least developed, one of the stumbling blocks of the climate negotiations.
More specifically, he recalled that at the last meeting of the G7, chaired by the United Kingdom, all of the countries in this group committed themselves to Increase the fund of $ 100 billion annually for public funding what was agreed in the Paris Agreement. A point “fundamental for developing countries”.
According to the Ambassador, the UK, Germany, Canada, Japan and the United States have “pledged more money” while the European Commission, Sweden and Denmark have pledged additional funds, “but” We need more countries that commit quickly so that we can say in Glasgow that we have reached the $ 100 billion target.
He added that there was also a need to encourage private funding, the “Glasgow Financial Alliance For Net Zero, sponsored by former Governor of the Central Bank of England Mark Carney, an alliance that includes five Spanish banks , an important achievement. ”
Likewise, the financial sector’s commitment to align its portfolios with the Paris Agreement will be “the key to transitioning our economies”.
Cooperation between countries
Finally, the British diplomat pointed out the importance of fostering cooperation between countries in order to “achieve the goals we want to achieve”, a negotiating result that enables ever greater ambitions for which “we need many alliances “.
That’s what he explained sectoral alliances were promoted related to coal, electric vehicles, forest protection and mobilization of the financial sector.
The British Embassy in Madrid’s Climate Change and Energy Attaché, Keiran Bowtell, noted that there had been efforts, persistence and diplomacy to increase climate commitments in the NDCs.
For her part, the President of the Association of Environmental Information Journalists (APIA), María García de la Fuente, thanked the Ambassador for the willingness of the diplomatic mission to “bring the sources closer together” to ensure that international negotiations “at the level of the citizens”.
Main Photo: Getty Images
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