A recent study published in the medical journal JAMA Surgery shows that women who undergo surgery by male surgeons are approximately 15 percent more likely to experience adverse postoperative outcomes such as resumption or complications within 30 days of surgery compared to female surgeons are, and a 32 percent higher chance of death after surgery.
Women in the study saw a lower likelihood of positive postoperative outcomes when the surgeons who operated on them were men.
According to the results of the study, women were 32 percent more likely to die if operated on by a male surgeon than by a female surgeon.
The study also found that women who had surgery by men were 15 percent more likely to have surgery than women who had surgery on my other women. However, it was found that the gender of the operating surgeon did not have such an impact on the postoperative results of men who underwent surgery.
“These results are worrying because there should be no gender difference in patient outcomes regardless of the surgeon’s sex. When a surgeon does surgery, patient outcomes are generally better, especially for women, even after adjusting for differences in chronic health, age and other factors when they undergo the same procedures, ”said Angela Jerath, associate professor and clinical epidemiologist at the university of Toronto in Canada and co-authored the results, according to The Guardian.
Jerath told The Guardian that she believed that technical differences between male and female surgeons could not explain the gender discrepancy and suggested that surgeons “implicit sexual prejudice” were “based on unconscious, ingrained prejudices, stereotypes and attitudes” may provide an explanation for the poorer outcomes of women who have been operated on by men.
Jerath added that, in her opinion, the way the female surgeons provide care compared to the male surgeons can also explain the difference in results. Female surgeons may have different communication and interpersonal skills when interacting with patients prior to surgery, Jerath told the UK outlet.
“More female surgeons would improve outcomes for all patients,” orthopedic consultant Scarlett McNally told The Guardian.
Compared to men, the study also showed that overall women had a 16 percent higher risk of surgical complications, an 11 percent higher risk of re-admission, and a 20 percent higher chance of staying in hospital longer.
The study looked at 1,320,108 patients aged 18 years and older who underwent 21 frequent elective or emergency surgeries performed by 2,937 surgeons in Ontario, Canada, between 2007 and 2019.
The study was conducted in primary partnership with Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tennessee, and the Department of Surgery at the University of Toronto in Toronto, Canada, along with other American and Canadian medical research centers.
The confidence interval for the increased likelihood of death in female patients from an operation by men was 95 percent within a margin of error of 1.02-1.13 percentage points, and the confidence interval for women at an increased risk of undesirable results from an operation by men was also 95 percent , within a margin of error of 1.04-1.09 points.