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Robot that apologizes wins employee trust, study says

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If a robot makes a mistake and immediately apologizes, could you regain confidence in its work? Researchers at the University of Michigan, USA, found that this type of social interaction between machines and people is directly influenced by the physical appearance of robots.

The study shows that restoring trust in human colleagues depends on how the machines recognize mistakes made. Excuses, denials, plausible explanations and promises of improvement disrupt the way people see robots after they have not fulfilled their functions.

“Robots are definitely a technology, but their interactions with humans are social and we have to take these basic interactions into account if we expect humans to comfortably and consistently trust their robot colleagues,” recalls computer science professor Lionel Robert, lead author of the study.

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A thousand times sorry

To gauge the robots’ credibility, the researchers examined how some repair strategies affect behaviors that increase confidence. They chose from among these elements: ability (competence to perform a specific task); Integrity (honesty in admitting a mistake); and benevolence (tolerance of those who make the mistake).

Regaining trust depends on how the apology is made (Image: Besjunior / Envato)

A total of 164 volunteers were deployed in a virtual environment to work with a robot that transported boxes on a conveyor belt. While one person was responsible for quality control, all the bot had to do was read the serial numbers and forward 10 boxes to the right place. One of the robots was humanoid and the other looked more mechanical.

They were programmed to pick up a few wrong boxes and apologize by saying sentences like, “Sorry, I got the wrong box” (sorry); “I chose the right box, then something else went wrong” (rejection); “I see it was the wrong serial number” (explanation); or “I’ll do better next time” (promise).

Results

When the robot was more like a human, it was even easier to restore confidence while explaining the bug. Excuses generated more trustworthiness and benevolence than denial. However, when assessing the integrity of the robot, the promises of improvement outweighed the excuses.

Robots that look like humans are more likely to be excused (Image: Besjunior / Envato)

According to the researchers, this study shows that certain approaches have a greater impact on human-machine interaction, with social codes predominating depending on the robot’s appearance. The behaviors that lead to a trust repair also depend on a combination of the context and the violation committed.

“When robots make mistakes – and they do from time to time – the key is to restore confidence in others and depends on how well they recognize their own mistakes. This behavior hardly differs from what we observe in everyday life, in social interactions between people of flesh and blood, ”adds Professor Lionel Robert.

Source: University of Michigan

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Marvel’s Guardians of the Galaxy: PC Game Requirements

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Eidos-Montréal and Square Enix have published the minimum requirements to play Marvel’s Guardians of the Galaxy, the game of Guardian of the Galaxy, on the PC. The information is available on the game’s official Steam page.

Get ready to thoroughly clean out your computer’s memory: the game requires a staggering 150GB of free space to run. That’s little compared to Call of Duty Modern Warfarethat requires 231 GB, but compared to pretty much Microsoft flight simulator, which requires 127 GB. We don’t yet know if the console versions will also take up that much storage space.

Check the minimum and recommended specifications below:

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Minimum requirements

  • Operating system: Windows 10 64 Bit Build 1803
  • Processor: AMD Ryzen 5 1400 or Intel Core i5-4460
  • Memory: 8 GB RAM
  • Graphics card: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1060 or AMD Radeon RX 570
  • DirectX: version 12
  • Storage: 150 GB available space

Recommended requirements

  • Operating system: Windows 10 64 Bit Build 1803
  • Processor: AMD Ryzen 5 1600 or Intel Core i7-4790
  • Memory: 16 GB RAM
  • Graphics card: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1660 Super or AMD Radeon RX 590
  • DirectX: version 12
  • Storage: 150 GB available space

Marvel’s Guardians of the Galaxy will be released on October 26th for PC, PlayStation 4, PlayStation 5, Xbox One, Xbox Series S and Xbox Series X. The game will also be released for Nintendo Switch via the cloud, but the feature is not available for Brazilian accounts.

Source: Eurogamer, steam

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The Galaxy S22 line has released more renders with new looks and dimensions

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The Galaxy S22 range has been the focus of several rumors in recent weeks, particularly due to a new look for the Galaxy S22 Ultra and smaller dimensions for the other two models in the series, the Galaxy S22 and the Galaxy S22 Plus. Recently released new images confirm this information through 3D renderings and CAD drawn designs.

Images from the LetsGoDigital portal illustrate how the most expensive smartphone in the line should be. Contrary to previous rumors, the S22 Ultra is not said to have a module that connects all of the rear view cameras, and therefore the lenses must be attached directly to the rear cover. The change should only be aesthetic, because the placement of all cameras, sensors and flash remains the same as with the Galaxy S21 Ultra. The information has been verified through the popular @ UniverseIce profile.

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On the front, the Galaxy S22 Ultra should have a display with a heavily curved aspect on the sides, a feature that was toned down in previous generations of the phone. The selfies camera will remain in a hole in the center of the top of the screen with the speaker near the top.

One of the most important innovations of the S22 Ultra is the implementation of a special compartment for the S Pen stylus in order to attract fans of the Note line, which has not been updated since 2020. FrontTron Twitter profile, the new input is on the bottom of the device, closest to the left corner and near the lower speaker, USB-C input and microphone.

The @ FrontTron release also confirmed the dimensions of all devices on the line, with differences in the size of the three smartphones. The Galaxy S22 will be 145 x 70 x 7 mm (compared to 151 x 71 x 7 mm on the Galaxy S21), while the S22 Plus will be 157 x 75 x 7 mm (compared to 161 x 75 x 7 mm on the Galaxy) has S21 Plus) and the S22 Ultra with 163 x 77 x 9 mm (vs. 165 x 75 x 9 mm for the Galaxy S21 Ultra).

While the change in numbers seems subtle, it could mean relevant changes in the ergonomics of the devices, with a larger footprint and a screen ratio between 19.3: 9 and 19.5: 9 – for comparison purposes, the S21 range has a 20: 9 -Relationship. On the front, the S22 and S22 Plus should stay with symmetrical edges, but they may be significantly thinner.

With the new size, some changes are to be made in the battery aspect. The capacity of the S22 will be reduced from 4,000 mAh to 3,700 mAh, while that of the S22 Plus will be increased from 4,800 mAh to 4,500 mAh – only the S22 Ultra will remain with the same 5,000 mAh energy tank.

There’s no official date for the launch of the Galaxy S22 range yet, but it is possible that it will be released in January 2022, about a year after the S21 range was launched.

Source: Twitter (1,two)

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Lenovo confirms Yoga Pro 14s Carbon 2022 with a focus on lightness

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The notebook market is very hot as a number of different companies offer their products. Within this industry there are categories such as gamer models or ultra-thin models, which are also quite light, which makes portability easier.

Recently, Lenovo unveiled four new devices with Windows 11 ex-factory, namely the Ideapad Slim 3i, Ideapad Slim 5i, Lenovo Legion 5 Pro and Lenovo Legion Slim 7. Now the brand has confirmed the launch of a new model in the series Yoga, the so-called Yoga Pro 14s Carbon 2022 – which will be a simpler version of the Yoga 16s 2022 – through a post on its official profile on the Chinese social network Weibo.

(Image: Reproduction / Lenovo)

The screenshots show that the Lenovo Yoga 14s Carbon 2022 will have a sleek design with a slimmer case, similar to Apple’s current MacBook Air. So far, the company has only shown one side of the model, as you can see on the teasers, just with a USB Type-C port and an apparent slider to cover the webcam and a button.

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(Image: Reproduction / Lenovo)

Here it is clear that it will have a body made of carbon fiber and an aluminum-magnesium alloy and will therefore weigh only 1.08 kg. Compared to Apple’s ultra-thin notebook, it is 210 grams lighter.

Unfortunately, Lenovo has not yet confirmed when the Yoga Pro 14s Carbon will be released in 2022. But everything indicates that the company will first launch the device in China and then, possibly under a different name, end up in other countries around the world.

Source: Weibo, Notebook check

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